He was the son of Hazrat Makhdoom Shaikh Ahllullah Miyan(ra) and the grandson of Muhammad Barkatullah Miyan(ra).
Right from his infancy, the child wasted no time in games and devoted himself completely to prayers. When other children asked him to play, he said to them, “Allah has not sent me for playing in the world.” He spoke Kalima (profession of faith) as early as the age of two and a half yers. Those who heard him pray at that age were truly astonished.
Hazrat Maulna Shah Fazal-ul-Rehman Ganj Muradabadi (ra) comes in the 31st generation of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique(ra) from his father side, and was a Hassani wal Hussaini Sayed from his mother side. He was born in Mallawan Sharif which is in Uttar Pradesh 9km from Gunmuradabad Sharif there is a very famous mazar sharif of Hazrat Makhdoom Misba-hul-ashiquine urf maghan miyan(ra) in mallawan sharif. He was so much involved in the love of Allah and his Holy Prophet(saw) his face was very similar to Holy Prophet(saw) due to which many Auliya Allah use to come to visit him. He was very Jalali Buzurg when ever he use to see at any tree the tree use to get dry. He use to say that this is not because of me my Allah but you have given me this sift.
Hazrat Maulna Fazl-e-Rehman Gunjmuradabadi(rahmatullah alaih) comes in 9th genertaion of Hazrat Makhdoom Misba-hul-ashiquine(rehmatullah alaih). When Hazrat Maulna Fazl-e-Rehman Gunjmuradabadi(rahmatullah alaih) was hardly eleven years of age when his father passed away. There was a famine in the land and there was nothing to eat in the house. His mother closed the door and the family lived on boiled leaves. She would not let anybody know her misery. She has many rich relatives but she prayed only to Allah for help.
Hazrat Maulana Shah Fazl-e-Rehman Gujmuradbadi(ra) has said that he learned darse nizami wa fiqah wa usool wa kalam and other Islamic things at Bahrul ullom under the guidance of Maulana Mohameed Noor Sahab Firangi Mahal, The father of Maulana Mohameed Noor Sahab use to tell me to sit at his seat(musnad) and use to love him a lot.
Hazrat Maulana Shah Fazl-e-Rehman Gujmuradbadi(rahmatullah alaih) use to read one and half or two parts of Tafseer Fiqah, this was the grace of Allah tala that he use to directly get benefits from the Prophets and Sahabas (may peace be upon them) while reading the books releated to them. Hazrat Gujmuradbadi (ra) has also said that while reading “Yusuf Jhuleka” he was blessed by Hazrat Yusuf Alaih Salam.
He reached Delhi for the first time in 1221 AH to take bayat from Hazrat Khwaja Afaq Sahab(ra), Hazrat was well informed from beginning that the boy who is coming to take bayat is not an ordinary one, Personality like him is rarely born, many of the Mashayak and Aulia of that time has prayed to get him but by the grace of Allah he was sent in the hands of Hazrat Khwaja Afaq Sahab (ra) and so he send his Khulfas and mureed to welcome him from a long distance, Hazrat Khwaja Afaq Sahab(ra) said about Hazrat Maulana Shah Fazl-e-Rehman Gujmuradbadi(rahmatullah alaih) that:
“One day you will dazzle the world like a sun.”
After taking bayat he desired his will to learn Usool-E-Hadees Sharif his Pir Sahab Smiled and granted him the permission and gave his blessings, On the first day of his class Hazrat Shah Abdul Aziz Dhelvi(ra) treated him as a normal student, Hazrat Gujmuradbadi (ra) slept empty stomach without having any food, but Allah knows what Hazrat Shah Abdul Aziz Dhelvi (ra) saw in the night that next day early morning he sent one of his servant to call him but he went in the maghrib after taking permission from his Pir Sahab. Hazrat Shah Abdul Aziz Dhelvi (ra) treated him with great love and affection and told him that from today onwards have your dinner with me, after that he started the Hadees class which would start from Isha and last till Tahajud. Hazrat Shah Abdul Aziz Dhelvi (ra) sahab use to only allow his Son Inlaw (daughter’s husband) Hazrat Sayed Zahiruddine Shaheed to attain class with him. Hazrat Maulana Shah Fazl-e-Rehman Gujmuradbadi(rahmatullah alaih) learned 18 parts of Bhukhari Sharif in one go on which Hazrat Shah Abdul Aziz Dhelvi(rahmatullah alaih) became very happy and gave his blessings.
Then he returned to Ganj Moradabad and resided there. It became a centre of spiritual learning in the country. He built many mosques all over the country. He lived in a very small house. Both Hindus and Muslims flocked to see him for light and wisdom.
His life was very simple. He dressed very poorly. He lived on bajra bread. He lived in a mud house. He used to smoke the hookah because of constipation. His disciple brought him costly clothes but he wore only rags. He did not use a pillow for sleeping. However, he was fond of Delhi shoes and Delhi caps.
Once an Arab asked him for two hundred rupees. He did not know who the person was. He borrowed the money from a shopkeeper and gave it to him. But the Arab was not satisfied. He wanted another Rs. 50. He also managed that money for hm. Then the Arab demanded a blanket and a pitcher. The Master gave him his own blanket and his own pitcher. Then the Arab wanted Master to write ten letters for him. The Master did that also for an unknown guest. Then the Arab demanded fare for a pony. The Master directed the Arab to take the money from a certain shopkeeper. Such was the Master’s limitless generosity and tolerance.
The Master had a miraculous touch and he cured everybody by simply praying for him. He cured some of the most dangerous diseases by simply giving water to the sufferers.