Khwaja Ghulam Farid, the top most spiritual poet in Siraiki Language, was born in 1845 A.D. at Kot Mithan, in a family of Arab settlers who had come to this country along with the Arab forces.
Maulana Khuda Bux had two sons, Khwaja Farid-ud-Din and Khawaja Fakhar-ud-Din. It is said that when Khwaja Ghulam Farid was a child, Maulana Muhammad gave him the first lesson of the first alphabet “ALIF” and asked him to say “ALIF”. He repeated the same again and again till every-one present there was enveloped by a trance. Some qawali singers were invited and they too recited the same word on their musical instruments. The trance remained in sway for a considerable time.
Khwaja Farid’s mother died when he was only four years of age. He was looked after by his eider brother. At the age of eight, he had committed to memory the whole of the holy Qur’an. Thereafter Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan took the child to his palace at Ahmad Pur Sharqia for imparting him religious knowledge by some renowned scholar. At the age of thirteen, Khwaja Farid became the disciple of Khwaja Fakhar-ud-Din, his elder brother. When he crossed 28 years of his age Khwaja Fakhar-ud-Din died. He left for Ruhi where the remained for about eighteen years. It was a typical wilderness but suitable for a recluse saint. It was very beneficial for connection with Kot Mithan or Chachar. About this wilderness of Ruhi, we often read in his lyrics. He performed Haj Baitullah in 1876.
Khwaja Farid was conversant with seven languages Viz, Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Multani, Sindhi, Hindi and Sanskrit. He led a life of purity and was utterly devoted to the righteous path of the Holy Prophet (saw) of Islam. May his soul ever rest in peace.
The lyrics of Khwaja Farid speak of the sadness of his separation from God and Muhammad, the beloved of Allah. He never reckoned himself away from his goal. But at times he felt a great separation and so he cried, groaned and sang in his ecstasy of the love which united him to his creator but with a veil in between them. The body acts as a most obedient slave, the soul gives life to the body and the spirit infuses the mechanical power in man. All these faculties he utilized only for the sake of Allah to approach Him, the only Goal for the man to attain.
The spiritual yearning, purification and elevation depends on so many factors which have been explained by saints and spiritualists. The shortest way to the creator is Love and Khwaja used this Method of attaining sublimation. All the attributes of Allah, we know are the off- shoots of Love. Khwaja Farid expressed this love in his fine verses.
Khwaja Ghulam Farid rendered numerous services for spreading Islam and left behind disciples in Lacs. His most notable disciples are noted below:-
1. Nawab Qaisar Khan Magassi of Balochistan and his subjects.
2. Nawab Sadiq Khan 4th of Bahawalpur State and his subjects.
3. Mirza Ahmad Akhtar, the grand son of Bahadur Shah Zafar.
Khwaja Farid wrote the following books both in poetry and prose:-
1. Dewan-E-Farid in 1882. (Saraiki Poetry)
2. Dewan-e-Farid in 1884. (Urdu Poetry)
3. Manaqabe Mehboobia (in Persian prose)
4. Fawaid Faridia (in Persian prose)
Khwaja Farid died on 7th Rabi-ath-Thani, 1319 (24th July, 1901) and was laid to rest in Mithan Kot.